Introducing Ultrasound as the Standard Tool for Emergency Medical Services in Disaster Management. A literature review.

Ofel Mazmur Kristoper, Ricky Ricardo Sandi putra, Lucky Sarjono Buranda



Emergency Medical Services (EMS) currently considered as essential item and unseparated to the Disaster Management. EMS healthcare providers have to perform rapid and accurate diagnosis at the disaster field, as well as the first-aid treatment. In some major disaster, initial diagnosis and life-support become more challenging due to shortage of diagnostic tools and difficulties in performing emergency procedures. Ultrasound is a well-known diagnostic tools which mostly utilised for an elective medical imaging. Nowadays, there are increasing number of researches in ultrasound and how it can be effective for an emergency utilisation. This article reviews the studies developed for the ultrasound in emergency setting, both for diagnostic purposes and imaging-guided procedures. We discuss the ultrasound important role in early diagnosis of shock, for emergency procedures, and for the assessment of the initial therapy effectiveness. As the conclusion, we found that ultrasound is an important EMS tool needed in every disaster, particularly in major disaster. For that reason, we suggest to equip every physicians who involved in Disaster EMS with ability to operate the emergency ultrasound.


Keywords: Ultrasound, Emergency Medical Services (EMS), Disaster Management, Diagnostic, Imaging-Guided Procedures

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Alamat Redaksi:
Pusat Pengembangan Penelitian, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Tadulako
Gedung Dekanat Fakultas Kedokteran Lantai 3, Universitas Tadulako
Jl. Soekarno Hatta KM. 9, Tondo, Mantiulore, Kota Palu, Sulawesi Tengah, Indonesia.