Elisa Iswandono, Hariany Siappa, Hasnia Hasnia, Herniwati Oktan Tusry H. Poy, Oktavianus A. Sene, Ida Mustikaningrum, Marliana Chrismiawati, Yeni Trisetyaningrum, Beatrix L. Wisang


Birds as bio-indicators of environmental quality for flower pollinators, seed dispersal, and natural control of pests in nature, so they are ecologically important. Bird species play an important role both in the forest and those that can be found on the roadside. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of diversity and density of species on the roadside in the districts of Ende, Nagekeo and Timor Tengah Utara (TTU), Nusa Tenggara Timur Province. The method used in collecting bird data is point count. The results showed that the level of species diversity (H') was classified as moderate. The number of species found in all study areas is 55 species in 26 families. The species density in Ende Regency is 0.76 individuals/ha, Nagekeo 0.942 individuals/ha and TTU 0.098 individuals/ha. The evenness value (E) in the three study areas is more than 0.75, meaning that the community is stable for habitats that support the existence of bird species. The high similarity community (IS) in the districts of Ende and Nagekeo (69%) show that the two areas have almost the same species composition for their location on the same island on Flores Island. In contrast, it was found that Ende-TTU and Nagekeo-TTU had low community similarities because they were on two different islands. Protected bird species found during the research were the  white-bellied sea eagle  (Haliaeetus leucogaster), the asian woollyneck (Ciconia episcopus). Two other protected species found although not in the observation plots were the flores hawk-eagle (Nisaetus floris) and the spotted kestrel (Falco moluccensis). The exotic species found is sooty-headed bulbul (Pycnonotus aurigaster). Exotic species can be utilized for utilization activities that are economically as well as ecologically profitable.

Full Text:



Bibby C.j, D. B. Neil dan H. David. 2004. Bird Census Techniques. Book. The Cambridge University Press. UK. 255 p.

Bibby C.J. 1992. Conservation of migrants on their breeding grounds. International Journal of Avian Science. Vol 134 (1):29-34. DOI: 10.1111/j.1474-919X.1992.tb04730.x.

Indriyanto, 2006. Ekologi Hutan. Buku. Bumi Aksara. Jakarta.

Krebs CJ. 1978. Ecology, The Experimental Analysis of Distribution and Abundance. New York (US): Harper and Row.

Ludwig JA, Renold JF. 1988. Statistical Ecology. New York (US): John Wiley and Son Inc.

Magurran AE. 1988. Ecological Diversity and Its Measurement. London (GB): Croom Helm.

Odum EP. 1971. Fundamentals of Ecology. London (GB): W.B. Saunders.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

analytics View My Stats

Fakultas Kehutanan
Universitas Tadulako
Jl. Soekarno – Hatta Km. 9, Mantikulore.
Palu Sulawesi Tengah 94118
Telp. (0451) 422 611 – 422 355