Penentuan Konsentrasi Efektif Ekstrak Tanaman Patikan Kebo (Euphorbia Hirta) Merah Dan Hijau Dalam Melarutkan Kalsium

Hamdiana Hamdiana, Minarni Rama Jura, Ratman Ratman

Abstract


The use of traditional materials is one alternative for the treatment of kidney stones. One of them is utilizing a plant of patikan kebo (Euphorbia hirta). This study is conducted by using laboratory experiments and the extract of the plant of patikan kebo red and patikan kebo green to dissolve the calcium phosphate as a substitute for kidney stones. The extraction of samples is conducted by decoction. The aim of the study is to determine the effective concentration of the extracts of patikan kebo red and green to dissolve calcium and test the effectiveness of the extracts of patikan kebo to dissolve calcium compared to Batugin elixir and distilled water. Determination of the concentration of dissolved calcium in the extracts using a flame photometer. The results show that the extract of patikan kebo red with a concentration of 2.1% is effective in dissolve the calcium with a concentration of 5.2 ppm. The extract of patikan kebo green with a concentration of 27.4% is effective in dissolving the calcium with a concentration of 27.5 ppm. When compared with Batugin elixir and distilled water, Batugin elixir can only dissolve the calcium with concentration 15.3 ppm, while distilled water can only dissolve 3 ppm of the calcium.

Keywords


Extracts, patikankebo red, patikankebo green, dissolved, calcium phosphate

References


Aznam, N. (2011). Kimia farmasi. Retrieved from http://staff.uny.ac.id/sites/default/files/pendidikan/Nurfina%20Aznam,%20SU.Apt.,Dr.%20,%20Prof./Kimia%20Farmasi.pdf

Dewi, T. W. K. (2010). Hubungan pemberian ekstrak etanol patikan kebo (euphorbia hirta l)dengan kadar kolesterol serum pada tikus putih yang diinduksi streptozotocin. Retrieved from http://eprints.uns.ac.id/6234/1/135480908201011081.pdf

Dokita. (2008). Batugin elixir. Retrieved from http://dokita.co/store/batugin-elixir/

Harborne, J. B. (1987). Metode fitokimia: Penentuan cara modern menganalisis tumbuhan. Bandung: ITB.

Karim, K. (2014). Uji aktifitas antioksidan ekstrak daun patikan kebo (euphorbia hirta l.).Skripsi pada FKIP. UNTAD, Palu.

Khurana, S., Patil, L., Omray, L. K. G., Ajbhiye, A., Jain, P., & Pounikar, Y. (2013). Medicinal importance of euphorbia hirta linn. Scholars Academic Journal of Pharmacy (SAJP), 2(3), 241-246. [Link]

Lingga, I. S., Citraningtyas, G., & Lolo, W. A. (2014). Uji efek ekstrak etanol patikan kebo (euphorbia hirtalinn.)sebagai diuretik pada tikus putih jantan galur wistar (rattus norvegicus sp.). PHARMACON Jurnal Ilmiah Farmasi, 3(3), 1-6. [Link]

Lusiyanah. (2011). Pengaruh konsentrasi ekstrak akar dari akar kucing (acalypha indica) terhadap kelarutan kalsium pada batu ginjal.Skripsi pada FKIP. UNTAD, Palu.

Nisma, F. (2011). Pengaruh penambahan ekstrak etanol 70% buah anggur biru (vitis vinivera l.) terhadap kelarutan kalsium batu ginjal.Skripsi pada UHAMKA, Jakarta.

Puswaningrum, K., Azizahwati, & Maryati, K. (2009). Aktivitas sari lobak (raphanus sativus l.) terhadap kelarutan batu ginjal kalsium secara in vitro. Retrieved from http://jbai.iregway.com/index.php/jurnal/article/viewFile/144/120

Ranbir, V., Rathnakumar, K., Jaikumar, S., & Sengottuvelu, S. (2013). Wound healing activity of ethanolic extract of euphorbia hirta leaves on exicision wound model in rats.Global Journal of Research on Medicinal Plants & Indigenous Medicine, 2(8), 571-575. [Link]

Redha, A. (2010). Flavonoid: struktur, sifat antioksidatif dan peranannya dalam sistem biologis. Jurnal Belian., 9(2), 196–202. [Link]

Rivai, H. (1995). Asas pemeriksaan kimia. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia Press.

Soeryoko, H. (2011). Tanaman obat paling favorit penghancur batu ginjal. Yogyakarta: ANDI Offset.

Svehla, G. (1985). Analisis anorganik kualitatif makro dan semimikro edisi kelima, Bagian I. Jakarta: Kalman Media Pustaka.

Tisnadjaja, D. (2012). Analisis kation. Retrieved from https://tisnadjaja.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/seventh-lecture.pdf

Winarti. (2014). Penentuan konsentrasi efektif ekstrak tanaman meniran (Phillanthus niruni L.) Skripsi pada FKIP. UNTAD, Palu.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



p-ISSN: 2302-6030; e-ISSN: 2477-5185

CODEN: JAKUA7


Creative Commons License

Jurnal Akademika Kimia
by Universitas Tadulako is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at
http://jurnal.untad.ac.id/jurnal/index.php/jak

Indexed By

Crossref WorldCat PKP Index OneSearch BASE Scholar GARUDA Sinta Neliti Mendeley