Efektifitas Biji Kelor (Moringa oleifera Lamk) Sebagai Koagulan Besi (Fe) Dan Kalsium (Ca)

Akbar Akbar, Irwan Said, Anang Wahid M. Diah

Abstract


Research about coagulation of iron and calcium have been conducted using moringa (moringa oleifera Lamk) seed coagulant through the variation of the concentration of moringa seed and depositional time. Moringa seeds were used in this research that moringa seeds are old and dry. Compounds of moringa seeds that play role in the coagulation process of iron and calcium are proteins. This research was conducted to determine the optimum concentration of moringa seed and optimum deposition time on the process of coagulation using moringa seed coagulant in order to obtain the percentage decrease in the levels of iron and calcium. Variations in the concentration of moringa seeds were used in this research are 100, 200, 300, 400 and 500 ppm and the settling time is 30, 60, 90, 120 and 150 minutes. The results showed that the concentration of moringa seed and deposition time influenced in the process of coagulation of iron and calcium. In iron coagulation, obtained optimum concentration of 400 ppm moringa seeds and optimum settling time is 90 minutes. In these conditions the iron content decreased by 68.00 ppm or 66.95% from its initial level of 99.8 ppm. While the calcium coagulation, moringa seeds obtained optimum concentration of 500 ppm and optimum settling time of 120 minutes, which in this condition calcium levels decreased by 241 ppm or 49.00% of the initial concentration is 492 ppm.

Keywords


Seeds moringa, Moringa oleifera Lamk, coagulation, Iron, Calcium

References


Achmad, R. (2004). Kimia lingkungan (First ed.). Yogyakarta: Andi Offset.

Chandra, B. (2007). Pengantar kesehatan lingkungan. Jakarta: EGC.

Darmono. (2001). Lingkungan hidup dan pencemaran: Hubungannya dengan toksikologi senyawa logam. Jakarta: UI-Press.

Dinora, G. Q., & Purnomo, A. (2013). Penurunan kandungan zat kapur dalam air tanah dengan menggunakan media zeolit alam dan karbon aktif menjadi air bersih. Jurnal Tekhnik POMITS, 2(2), 78-82.

Elfiana. (2010). Penurunan konsentrasi besi dalam air secara oksidasi kimia lanjut (fotokimia sinar uv dan uv-peroksidasi). Journal of Science and Technology, 8(17), 34-41.

Fauzi, L. (2010). Pengaruh pemberian rebusan daun kelor (moringa oleifera) terhadap kadar asam urat darah. Skripsi, Medan: FK-UISU Medan,

Hammer. (1997). Water and wastewater technology. Second ed.. New York: John Wiley and Son Inc.

Hidayat, S. (2009). Protein biji kelor sebagai bahan aktif penjernihan air. Journal of Biospecies, 2(2), 12-17.

Katayon, S., Megat, M. J., Noor, M., Asma, M., Thamer, A. M., Abdullah, A. G. L., Idris, A., Suleyman, A. M., Aminuddin, M. B., & Khor, B. C. (2004). Effects of storage duration and temperature of moringa oleifera stock solution on its performance in coagulation. Journal of Engineering and Technology, 1(2), 146-151.

Khasanah, U. (2008). Efektifitas biji kelor (moringa oleifera lamk) sebagai koagulan fosfat dalam limbah cair rumah sakit. Skripsi, Malang: FST-UIN Malang.

Manurung, T., Dewi, Y. S., & Lekatompessy, B. J. (2012). Efektifitas biji kelor (moringa oleifera) pada pengolahan air sumur tercemar limbah domestik. Jurnal Ilmiah Fakultas Tekhnik, 8(1), 37-46.

Muyibi, S. A., & Evison, L. M. (1995). Moringa oleifera seeds for softening hardwater. Journal of Water Research, 29(4), 1099-1105.

Ndabigengesere, A., Narasiah, K. S., & Talbot, B. G. (1995). Active agents and mechanism of coagulation of turbid waters using moringa oleifera. Journal of Water Research, 29(2), 705-710.

Nugrahayu, Q., & Purnomo, A. (2013). Penurunan kandungan zat kapur dalam air tanah dengan menggunakan filter media zeolit alam dan pasir aktif menjadi air bersih. Jurnal Teknik POMITS, 2(2), 122-126.

Nugroho, B. A., Miswadi, S. S., & Santosa, N. B. (2014). Penggunaan serbuk biji kelor untuk menurunkan kadar Pb, kekeruhan dan intensitas warna. Indonesian Journal of Chemical Science, 3(3), 174-178.

Risianto, N. (2009). Pengaruh variasi konsentrasi ekstrak serbuk biji kelor (moringa oliefera lamk) terhadap penurunan kesadahan air sumur artetis. Skripsi, Semarang: Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang.

Sada, J. T., & Tanjung, R. H. R. (2010). Keragaman tumbuhan obat tradisional di kampung nansfori distrik supiori utara kabupaten Supiori Papua. Jurnal Biologi Papua, 2(2), 39-46.

Srawaili, N. (2007). A caladium seed (moringa oleifera) biocoagulan efectivity to decrease ferum (Fe) and manganese (Mn) concentration from aqueous solution. Journal Environmental Science, 4(57), 3549-3556.

Suherman, D., & Sumawijaya, N. (2013). Menghilangkan warna dan zat organik air gambut dengan metode koagulasi-flokulasi suasana basa. Jurnal Riset Geologi dan Pertambangan, 23(2), 125-138.

Triyono, A. (2010). Pengaruh penambahan beberapa asam pada proses isolasi protein terhadap tepung protein isolat kacang hijau (phaseolus radiatus lamk). Jurnal Rekayasa Kimia dan Proses, 3(2), 23-31.

Umar, M. R., & Liong, S. (2014). Efektifitas serbuk biji kelor (moringa oleifera lamk) dalam menurunkan kadar kadmium (Cd) pada air. Jurnal Alam dan Lingkungan, 2(3), 37-42.

Utami, F., Rumhayati, B., & Masruri. (2013). Application of moringa oleifera seed powder for coagulating of iron(III) on local water resources. The Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry Research, 2(3), 122-125.

Zulkarnain. (2008). Efektifitas biji kelor (moringa oleifera lamk) dalam mengurangi kadar kadmium(II). Skripsi, Malang: FST-UIN, Malang.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



p-ISSN: 2302-6030; e-ISSN: 2477-5185

CODEN: JAKUA7


Creative Commons License

Jurnal Akademika Kimia
by Universitas Tadulako is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at
http://jurnal.untad.ac.id/jurnal/index.php/jak

Indexed By

Crossref WorldCat PKP Index OneSearch BASE Scholar GARUDA Sinta Neliti Mendeley