GROWTH AND YIELD OF SHALLOTS PLANTED BETWEEN CHILI PLANTS

muhammad ansar, Imam Wahyudi, Dance Tangkesalu

Abstract


Community needs for the shallot commodity take place regularly every day because it is a food flavoring ingredient. For this reason, it needs to be followed by the availability of production supplies that are in accordance with consumer needs. Sigi Regency is one of the centers of shallot and chili production in Central Sulawesi, so far it has not been able to make a real contribution in meeting the needs of the community which tends to increase. This is because the exploitation of shallots and chillies is still monoculture, so the risk of crop failure, production decline and farmers' losses is very high. This research was carried out with the aim to determine the growth and yield of shallots planted with various cropping patterns mong chillies, so that information on suitable cropping patterns can be obtained to ensure the availability of high yields of shallots and chillies to meet community needs. The results showed that (i) various shallot cropping patterns among chilli plants did not significantly affect the greenness of leaves, tuber length, fresh weight per tuber, fresh weight of tuber per clump, harvest index and moisture content of shallot bulbs; (ii) leaf length, harvest age and fresh tuber weight of onion bulbs per hectare planted with different cropping patterns among chilli plants were not significantly different, except with monoculture shallot cropping patterns obtained by longer leaves, shorter harvest age (62.0 days) and the weight of fresh bulbs per hectare is higher (1.83 t / ha) compared to various shallot cropping patterns among chilli plants.

Keywords


Cropping Patterns, Chillies, Shallots

Full Text:

PDF

References


 

Ansar, M. 2012.  Pertumbuhan dan hasil bawang merah pada keragaman ketinggian tempat. Disertasi. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada. Yogyakarta.

 

Ansar, M., Bahrudin dan I. Wahyudi. 2014. Pengujian Pemupukan Spesifik Pada Kondisi Agroekosistem Lahan Kering Sentra Pengembangan Bawang Merah Varietas Lembah Palu. Prosiding SeminarNasional Universitas Brawijaya.Malang, 5-7 November 2014.

 

Bademlioglu, A.H., A.S. Canbolat, N. Yamankaradeniz, and O. Kaynakli. 2018. “Investigation of Parameters Affecting Organic Rankine Cycle Efficiency by Using Taguchi and ANOVA Methods.” Applied Thermal Engineering 145 (December): 221–28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.09.032.

 

Bhattarai, Madhusudan, and Joko Mariyono. 2016. “The Economic Aspects of Chilli Production in Central Java.” Economic Journal of Emerging Markets 8 (2): 85–97. https://doi.org/10.20885/ejem.vol8.iss2.art1.

 

Gagopale, Bosekeng, and M. Coetzer Gesine. 2015. “Response of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) to Sowing Date and Plant Population in the Central Free State, South Africa.” African Journal of Agricultural Research 10 (4): 179–87. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR2013.8071.

 

Giacomini Sari, Bruno, Alessandro Dal’Col Lúcio, Cinthya Souza Santana, Tiago Olivoto, Maria Inês Diel, and Dionatan Ketzer Krysczun. 2019. “Nonlinear Growth Models: An Alternative to ANOVA in Tomato Trials Evaluation.” European Journal of Agronomy 104 (March): 21–36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2018.12.012.

 

Girsang. 2008. Produksi Cabai Merah Pada Berbagai Jarak Tanam dan Takaran Mulsa. Jurnal Berkala Penelitian Agronomi. Vol. 1 (2), 115-120. PS Agronomi. Universitas Haluleo. Kendari.

 

Hardiansyah, Arizal Nur, Endang Sulistyaningsih, and Eka Tarwaca Susila Putra. 2017. “Effects of Pyraclostrobin on Growth and Yield of Curly Red Chili (Capsicum Annum L.).” Ilmu Pertanian (Agricultural Science) 2 (1): 009. https://doi.org/10.22146/ipas.12841.

Hong, Changqiao, Xiaobin Jin, Jie Ren, Zhengming Gu, and Yinkang Zhou. 2019. “Satellite Data Indicates Multidimensional Variation of Agricultural Production in Land Consolidation Area.” Science of The Total Environment 653 (February): 735–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.415.

 

Kato, Masahiro, Noriya Masamura, Jinji Shono, Daisaku Okamoto, Tomoko Abe, and Shinsuke Imai. 2016. “Production and Characterization of Tearless and Non-Pungent Onion.” Scientific Reports 6 (1). https://doi.org/10.1038/srep23779.

 

Khandakar. 1994. Manual of methodes for physio-morphological studies of jute, kenaf and allied germplasm. International Jute Organisation. Dhaka, Baangladesh. P. 11-15.

 

Li, Jintao, and Yixue Li. 2019. “Influence Measurement of Rapid Urbanization on Agricultural Production Factors Based on Provincial Panel Data.” Socio-Economic Planning Sciences 67 (September): 69–77. https://doi.org /10.1016/ j.seps.2018.09.004.

 

Mariyono, Joko, and Sumarno Sumarno. 2015. “Chilli Production and Adoption of Chilli-Based Agribusiness in Indonesia.” Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies 5 (1): 57–75. https://doi.org/10.1108/JADEE-01-2014-0002.

 

Mentan. 2011. Surat keputusan menteri pertanian tentang pelepasan bawang merah varietas Lembah Palu sebagai varietas unggul. Menteri Pertanian Republik Indonesia. Jakarta.

 

Nawab, Anjum, Feroz Alam, Mohammad Abdul Haq, Mohammad Samee Haider, Zubala Lutfi, Sheikh Kamaluddin, and Abid Hasnain. 2018. “Innovative Edible Packaging from Mango Kernel Starch for the Shelf Life Extension of Red Chili Powder.” International Journal of Biological Macromolecules 114 (July): 626–31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2018.03.148.

 

Nurmas, A. 2011. Kajian Waktu Tanam dan Kerapatan Tanaman Jagung Sistem Tumpangsari Dengan Kacang Tanah Terhadap Nilai LER dan Indeks Kompetisi. AGRIPLUS, Volume  21  Nomor :  01  Januari  2011.

 

Schwinn, Kathy E., Hanh Ngo, Fernand Kenel, David A. Brummell, Nick W. Albert, John A. McCallum, Meeghan Pither-Joyce, Ross N. Crowhurst, Colin Eady, and Kevin M. Davies. 2016. “The Onion (Allium Cepa L.) R2R3-MYB Gene MYB1 Regulates Anthocyanin Biosynthesis.” Frontiers in Plant Science 7 (December). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2016.01865.

 

Shiina, T., D. Hosokawa, P. Roy, N. Nakamura, M. Thammawong, and T. Orikasa. 2011. “LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY ANALYSIS OF LEAFY VEGETABLES GROWN IN TWO TYPES OF PLANT FACTORIES.” Acta Horticulturae, no. 919 (December): 115–22. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2011.919.14.

 

Sopha, Gina Alya, Muhammad Syakir, Wiwin Setiawati, Nfn Suwandi, and Nani Sumarni. 2017. “Teknik Penanaman Benih Bawang Merah Asal True Shallot Seed Di     Lahan Suboptimal.” Jurnal Hortikultura 27 (1): 35. https://doi.org/10.21082/jhort.v27n1.2017.p35-44.

Sricharoen, Phitchan, Nattida Lamaiphan, Pongpisoot Patthawaro, Nunticha Limchoowong, Suchila Techawongstien, and Saksit Chanthai. 2017. “Phytochemicals in Capsicum Oleoresin from Different Varieties of Hot Chilli Peppers with Their Antidiabetic and Antioxidant Activities due to Some Phenolic Compounds.” Ultrasonics Sonochemistry 38 (September): 629–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultsonch.2016.08.018.

 

Suwarsinah, Heny Kuswanti, Naafi Fatimah Harwanti, Hastuti Hastuti, and Muhammad Firdaus. 2018. “The Pricing System of Red Onion and Red Chili Commodities.” Jurnal Manajemen Dan Agribisnis, July. https://doi.org/10.17358/jma.15.2.150.

 

Universitas Sebelas Maret,Indonesia, R Rahayu, M Mujiyo, Universitas Sebelas Maret,Indonesia, Rachma Ulfa Arini, and Universitas Sebelas Maret,Indonesia. 2018. “Land Suitability Evaluation of Shallot (Allium Ascalonicum L.) at Production Centres in Losari District, Brebes.” Journal of Degraded and         Mining Lands Management 06 (01): 1505–11. https:// doi.org/10.15243/jdmlm.2018.061.1505.

 

Wainwright, Henry, Charlotte Jordan, and Harry Day. 2014. “Environmental Impact of Production Horticulture.” In Horticulture: Plants for People and Places, Volume 1, edited by Geoffrey R. Dixon and David E. Aldous, 503–22. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-8578-5_15.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 muhammad ansar, Imam Wahyudi, Dance Tangkesalu Tangkesalu

Indexed by:

Creative Commons License
AGROLAND: The Agricultural Sciences Journal, This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Based on a work at http://jurnal.untad.ac.id/jurnal/index.php/AgrolandInternational/index

View My Stats